For the past seven years, armed conflict between government forces and armed rebels in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile continues to take place despite a declared ceasefire. In 2016, government forces and allied militias attacked civilians in villages and other populated areas in ground offensives and aimless bombing. The government has blocked and failed to agree terms for access from the humanitarian agencies from working in rebel-held areas of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile. Furthermore, Sudan’s National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) is known for including torture and abusive tactics towards recognized opponents such as activists, lawyers, students and community leaders. Sudan continues to have a profound human rights record with ongoing attacks on civilians by government forces occurring in Darfur, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. The National Congress Party continued with a national dialogue process in order to spread the way for a new constitution and government. Fortunately, the independence of South Sudan occurred in 2011 despite a boycott by several parties that opposed this decision (Human Rights Watch 2016).