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Onderzoek bevestigt: negatieve berichtgeving over moslims domineert

The Hague Peace Project heeft onderzoek gedaan naar stereotype beeldvorming in de vier grootste kranten van Nederland. Dit was een samenwerking met Stichting NieuwWij en Republiek Allochtonië.

In de beleving van veel Nederlandse moslims maken landelijke media zich regelmatig schuldig aan partijdige, stereotyperende en overmatig negatieve berichtgeving. Deze klachten worden al jaren geuit en zijn ook in verschillende onderzoeken aan de orde gekomen. Het onderzoek Moslims in Nederlandse kranten bouwt voort op deze traditie: de vier grootste Nederlandse kranten zijn drie maanden lang systematisch geanalyseerd. Wat zijn de resultaten? Hieronder staat een samenvatting, hier is het hele rapport te downloaden.

Onderzoeksvraag

De hoofdvraag van het onderzoek is: Hoe worden moslims in Nederlandse kranten geportretteerd? Historicus Tayfun Balçik van The Hague Peace Projects presenteerde op 21 maart in Amsterdam tijdens een bijeenkomst in Pakhuis De Zwijger, in bijzijn van veel publiek en vertegenwoordigers van de Nederlandse journalistiek, de onderzoeksresultaten.

Resultaten

In het onderzoek zijn van november 2018 tot en met januari 2019 alle berichten over moslims in De Telegraaf, Algemeen Dagblad, de Volkskrant en NRC Handelsblad systematisch onderzocht. De kranten hadden in die periode tussen de 573 en 783 berichten waarin het over moslims ging. Deze vijf categorieën komen het meest voor:

  1. ‘Moslimterreur’;
    • 20% van alle berichten over moslims gaat over terrorisme
    • 83% van alle berichten over terrorisme gaat over ‘moslimterrorisme’
  2. ‘Wij-zij nieuws’ – tussen een verondersteld ‘wij’ die vaak als het ‘westen’, ‘de joods-christelijke cultuur’ wordt gedefinieerd en ‘de moslims’ en/of ‘de islam’ die een ‘bedreiging’ vormen vanwege ‘islamisering’, ‘dubbele loyaliteiten’ enz.;
    • 11% van alle berichten over moslims gaat over een botsing tussen culturen
  3. ‘De onvrije moslima’;
    • 8% van alle berichten over moslims gaat over de ‘onvrije moslima’.
  4. ‘Moslims als (ongewenste) migranten/asielzoekers’;
    • 7% van alle berichten over moslims gaat over moslims als ongewenste migranten/asielzoekers.
  5. Pro-diversiteitsberichtgeving (met o.a. berichtgeving over moslimdiscriminatie & diversiteit).
    • 7% van alle berichten over moslims gaat over de diversiteit en de thema’s die spelen binnen de moslimgemeenschap.

Conclusies

Conclusie 1: Negativiteit domineert

De kwantitatieve en kwalitatieve inhoudsanalyse in de periode van 1-11-2018 t/m 31-1-2019 toont aan dat over ‘de moslims’ en/of ‘de islam’ negatieve berichtgeving domineert:

  • Er bestaat een grote consensus bij alle onderzochte kranten over wie ‘terreurdaden’ plegen: individuele moslims en/of moslimgroepen;
  • Het wij/zij denken in termen van ‘het vrije westen’ en ‘de islamitische ander’ is vaak aanwezig in berichtgeving over ‘de moslims’ en/of ‘de islam’;
  • Het stereotype beeld van de ‘onderdrukte moslima’ is vaak aanwezig in berichtgeving over ‘de moslimvrouw’;
  • Moslimimmigratie wordt vooral als een bedreiging gezien en daarom ongewenst.

Deze negatieve zaken komen qua frequentie en intensiteit (taalgebruik) over het algemeen vaker voor in de Telegraaf en het AD dan in de Volkskrant of NRC. Moslims worden in de Telegraaf en het AD vaker met terreur geassocieerd, in deze kranten is het wij/zij denken sterker, wordt moslimmigratie vaker ongewenst beschouwd en komt het stereotype beeld van de onderdrukte moslima veelvuldiger aan bod.

Conclusie 2: Moslimbetrokkenheid in het nieuws heeft vaker een nuancerende werking

Het lijkt erop dat de mate van moslimbetrokkenheid bij de berichtgeving, als nieuwsmakers of als experts dan wel als sprekers namens de moslims, ook bepalend is voor de mate waarin negatief wordt bericht over ‘de moslims’ en/of ‘de islam’.

Hoewel het zeker niet altijd het geval is, geldt het volgende mechanisme bij een meerderheid van de behandelde thema’s: hoe hoger de moslimbetrokkenheid zelf in de nieuwsverhalen, des te minder de negatieve framing.

Dit mechanisme wordt ook bevestigd bij het aanbod van ‘pro-divers nieuws’ in de berichtgeving. In kranten waar de moslimbetrokkenheid hoger is, is er ook meer ‘pro-divers’ nieuws: dat geldt voor de Volkskrant en de NRC.

Lees hier het hele onderzoek.

 

The 2018 General Elections in the DRC – What next?

The 2018 general elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo, held on 30th of December, were set out to determine a successor of the long-standing president – Mr. Kabila (Wembi 2017). As a matter of fact, power transfer has never undergone a peaceful process in Congo. In this regard, Mr. Kabila, who ruled as of 2001, attempted with all his might to obstruct the democratic voting processes in the country. The 2011 election which he purportedly won in a legitimate manner, were widely unpopular and considered as mockery and corruption. His last term in office was expected to come to a final end in 2016. However, even when it expired, Kabila did not leave his riling position. Instead, he decided to shift public attention to the chaos in the country and cite it as the primary reason for the government’s inability to organize elections. Thereafter, he consolidated his grip of power for two more consecutive years and ruled against postulations in the Congolese national constitution, while ruthlessly murdering and slamming down pro-democratic movements and demonstrations (The Economist 2019).

In the context of the 2018 general elections in the DRC, Félix Tshisekedi (Union for Democracy and Social Progress) was found out to win the votes on the 10th of January with an overwhelming turnout of 38,6% of the total vote, surpassing his oppositional candidates Martin Fayulu and Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary. Importantly, Mr. Fayulu, who was second in the voting turnout, asserted that the vote was set up hastily and was absolutely not representative of the popular political affiliation. He then moved to challenge the outcome of the elections in the Constitutional Court of the DRC. The state’s influential Roman Catholic Church took his side claiming that the official voting turnout was not compliant with the results of its own observations. In this regard, the Church had deployed nearly 40,000 election monitors which, as stated, “place Fayulu as the winner” (Burke 2019). Thereafter, the Constitutional Court came up with a decision on the 19th of January declaring that Fayulu’s challenge to the outcome will not be taken into consideration and shall thereby be deemed invalid. As a result, the victory of Mr. Tshisekedi was upheld and conceived of as indisputable and final.

In relation to the other oppositional leader – Mr. Shadary, prior to the vote, opinion polls revealed an evident popularity of the opposition candidates against Mr. Shadary himself, who was backed by the ruling People’s Party for Reconstruction and Democracy. He was seen to offer nothing but a continuation of the present grievances facing the country – widespread poverty, rebel cruelties such as rapes and robbery which go unpunished due to ubiquitous corruption and negligence of the officials and government. Nevertheless, Mr. Shadary possessed indisputably advantages as measured against the backdrop of his opposition. That is to say, he instilled fear and terror in voters by commanding police to threaten people with physical violence unless they casted their vote in his favour. What is more, police blocked oppositional campaigns’ marches in the capital and installed presence of soldiers in the Eastern regions, wherein the latter would forcefully “convince” voters to vote for Shadary: “They were telling people that if they did not choose him, they would be stopped and beaten” (The Economist 2019).

Despite the concerted efforts on part of Fayulu and Shadary with their trusted appointees, Félix Tshisekedi was appointed as the 5th President of the DRC on the 24th of January 2019, marking the first, purportedly peaceful transition of power in the state since it gained its independence in 1960 from its former colonizer – Belgium (Burke 2019).

 

References:

Burke, Jason. “Congo Election Runner-up Rejects Tshisekedi Victory as ‘Electoral Coup’.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 10 Jan. 2019, www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/10/congo-election-felix-tshisekedi-declared- winner-in-contentious-result.

“Congo’s Flawed Vote.” The Economist, 5 Jan. 2019, pp. 26–27.

Wembi, Steve. “Uncertainty as DRC Sets Election Date to Replace Kabila.” GCC News | Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera, 9 Nov. 2017, www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/11/uncertainty- drc-sets-election-date-replace-kabila-171109074747003.html.

World Refugee Day 2018

 

Refugee protection under threat: In search for new strategies

 

Refugee protection is under threat. The refugee crisis of 2015 has created anxiety and resentment among host populations and changed the political landscape of many European countries. Right wing and centrist political parties have scapegoated refugee communities to push their nationalist agendas. Challenging the 1951 Geneva Convention has become salonfähig with even mainstream political parties. People have been sent back to war torn countries like Iraq and Afghanistan.

How can we turn the tide? In what way does the political discourse on the refugee crisis resonates with the day to day experience of newcomers and local communities?

During this program we will discuss with a.o. Tineke Strik ((Senator and Professor on migration), Valentin Akayezu (lawyer) and Palwasha Hassan (Don’t Send Afghans Back) what is at stake, but more importantly discuss strategies of change on an institutional and foremost individual level. How can we create sustainable long-term solutions for refugees arriving and residing in Europe? Merlijn Twaalfhoven, composer, activist and founder of The Turn Club, will guide the audience in a creative manner towards making individual commitments for the near future.

With a performance by Kamerkoor JIP and Syrian singer and musician Wasim Arslan.

This program is a collaboration of the The Hague Peace Projects, Music and Beyond Foundation, The Turnclub and De Balie.

 

 

De bescherming van vluchtelingen staat onder grote druk. De vluchtelingencrisis van 2015 heeft niet alleen geleid tot veel maatschappelijk onrust, maar ook daadwerklijk het politieke landschap van veel Europese landen veranderd. Vluchtelingen zijn gebruikt als zondebok door rechtse partijen om hun nationalistische ideologie op de agenda te krijgen. Het openlijk in twijfel trekken van de handhaving van de Geneefse Conventie van 1951 wordt niet meer gezien als extreem, maar is zelfs salonfähig geworden bij partijen die zich in het politieke midden bevinden. Mensen worden zonder pardon terug gestuurd naar conflictgebieden als Afghanistan en Irak.

Hoe kunnen we het tij keren? Op wat voor manier verhoudt het politieke discours over de vluchtelingencrisis zich tot de dagelijkse ervaring van nieuwkomers en lokale gemeenschappen?

Tijdens World Refugee Day gaan we in gesprek met o.a. Tineke Strik (lid Eerste Kamer en universitair docent migratie), Valentin Akayezu (rechtsgeleerde) en Palwasha Hassan (Don’t Send Afghans Back) over wat er op het spel staat vanuit een politiek en juridisch perspectief. Daarnaast gaan we met elkaar in gesprek over wat voor strategie er nodig is om het politieke en maatschappelijke tij te keren op een institutioneel, maar vooral ook op individueel niveau. En, wat is er op de lange termijn nodig om op een duurzame manier vluchtelingen in onze maatschappij op te nemen?

Merlijn Twaalfhoven, componist, activist en oprichter van de Turnclub gaat met het publiek in gesprek over de manier waarop je op een creatieve en effectieve manier als individu een verschil kan maken.

Met muziek van Kamerkoor JIP en de Syrische zanger en musicus Wasim Arslan.

Dit programma is een samenwerking van The Hague Peace Projects, Music and Beyond Foundation, The Turnclub en De Balie.

May Great Lakes Region Diaspora Meet-Up

8-12: The Hague Hacks Conference “Technology and Freedom”

The Hague Hacks conference aims to bring together the world of peace and technology to create opportunities and build partnerships. By stimulating cooperation, The Hague Hacks promotes development and use of emerging technologies for peace and justice. This year we shall investigate aspects of relationships between technology and freedom. We shall be delving deep in the discovery of the potential of peace, justice and technology solutions based on today’s challenges.  The conference is composed of workshops, activities and games in artificial intelligence, fake news and hate speech, digital surveillance, big data and block chain. The theme of this event will be: “Technology and Freedom”

Program:

10:00 am – 10:45 am: Introduction part 1 (3 engaging talk and 15 minute knowledge-share and Q & A)
10:45 am – 11:00 am: Coffee break
11:00 am – 12:00 am: Introduction part 2 (3 engaging talks of 15 minutes with 5 minutes of short    Q & A)
12:00 pm – 1:00 pm: Networking lunch
1:00 pm – 2:15 pm: 5 workshops part 1
2:15 pm – 2:30 pm: Coffee break
2:30 pm – 3:45 pm: Workshops part 2
3:45 pm – 4:00 pm: Coffee break
4:00 pm – 5:00 pm: Plenary session
5:00 pm – 6:00 pm: Networking Drinks

Date : 8th December 2017
Time: 10am – 6pm (Doors open by 9.30am)
Venue: Paviljoensgracht 20, 2512 BP -The Hague, Netherlands
Topics: Artificial Intelligence (AI) | Fake News /Hate Speech | Digital Surveillance | Block Chain | Big Data.

Tickets: 15,- including lunch and drinks, reserve your tickets here.

Great Lakes Region: This is what we do

The Great Lakes Region Working Group is a group of Diaspora citizens from the conflict countries on the region i.e. Uganda, Congo, Burundi & Rwanda. All these countries have common historical experiences of war and violence. As a group, we meet to learn a lot from each other about our turbulent past and how we can use that to bring sustainable peace in the region.

Because of the geo-political problems caused by the regional despots, the conflicts tend to spread tension in all the region inform of refugee influx, cross border violence and wide spread insecurity. Whenever someone from Uganda or Burundi mentioned challenges, someone from Rwanda or Congo could share a similar experience.

Therefore as a measure to create a voice for the diaspora citizens from the GRL, The Hague Peace Projects established this group in 2015. Up to date the group has conducted two annual conferences and other smaller activities to raise awareness, inform and provide host nation, government departments, media, school institutions and the civil society with information about the region.

We strive to strengthen the commitment among the Great Lakes diaspora communities to organize for peace in the region, be involved in lobbying for human rights and take part in networking through meetings. We lobby through our programs to enable the diaspora to contribute to good governance, peacebuilding and accountability in the region.

We advocate for the inclusion of the diaspora in conflict resolution and peacebuilding in the region. Currently the news that comes from the region is dominated by conflict rather than peace. We want the world to know – despite the prevailing conflicts in the region – some peace efforts have been made although the real impact of the efforts are not yet felt by the people.

We are more and more recognized as serious partners, consulted by policy makers. We aim that in Europe, NGO’s, governments seeking to promote rule of law in the Great Lakes region, or the IND seeking expertise in the region, the voice of the diaspora should be heard.

To achieve our objectives we organize different forms of events in the Netherlands ranging from workshops, conferences, social cultural activities and forums to inform, educate and generate solutions.

Presently we have monthly thematic evenings, normally the 2nd Friday of the month, where we invite different expert speakers to help us understand the different dynamics around peace building. Our subjects are peace, elections, gender, minorities, responsible information sharing, human rights issues, civic space and democratic governance. These meetings are open to public and you are warmly welcome to attend the next event, we normally publicize the events beforehand.

 

Muslims represent

Op 16 maart organiseren we ‘Muslims represent!’ in Utrecht. Tijdens dit evenement willen we graag in gesprek met verschillende Nederlandse moslims. Net zoals we met ‘the Hague Peace Projects’ een platform bieden voor het diverse geluid onder diaspora die de verbinding opzoeken, zo willen we ook een platform bieden aan de diverse moslimgemeenschap in Nederland. Entree is gratis maar vergeet je niet aan te melden.

Islamofobie is in de laatste jaren sterk toegenomen, zowel islamofobe incidenten als islamofobe berichtgeving. De grote diversiteit binnen de moslimgemeenschap in Nederland is niet terug te zien in de media en het publieke debat. De moslimstemmen die aan het woord worden gelaten zijn vaak beperkt tot de knuffelmoslim of de boze salafist. Door een podium te bieden aan de diversiteit van diverse moslimstemmen in Nederland hopen we bij te dragen aan een platform voor inclusieve, verbindende maar ook vooral kritische moslimdenkers.

Centraal staat (zelf)representatie van de moslim in het publieke debat en in de media. Het gebrek aan zelf-representatie is van invloed op de toenemende islamofobie en staat de emancipatie van de moslims in de weg. Tot slot willen we ook kijken of er mogelijkheden zijn voor een inclusieve en kritische platform van Nederlandse moslims.

Aanwezige sprekers zijn ondere andere:
– Abulkasim Al-Jaberi, Schrijver en activist met Roots uit Irak. In het verleden gewerkt als journalist in Egypte en momenteel actief in de anti-racisme beweging en de Palestina solidariteitsbeweging.
– Dino Suhonic van Stichting Maruf, een platform voor queer moslims in Nederland en daarbuiten.
– Dr. Margreet van Es, momenteel werkzaam als postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij Universiteit Utrecht. Onlangs is haar boek verschenen “Stereotypes and Self-Representations of Women with a Muslim Background: The Stigma of Being Oppressed”, naar de invloed van stereotype beeldvorming op de zelf-representatie van vrouwen met een islamitische achtergrond.
– Drs. Yusuf Celik, expert hermeneutiek, promovendus aan Edinburgh University.

Moderator
– Nawal Mustafa, werkzaam bij Amnesty International.

Verder is er live muziek met Emine Bostancı op de klassieke kemençe en Cengiz Arslanpay op de Ney.

Locatie: Theater Kikker, Ganzenmarkt 14, Utrecht
Datum: 16 maart ’17,
19:00 inloop
19:15 paneldiscussie
20:15 pauze
20:30 muziek
20:45 vervolg paneldiscussie
21:30 naborrelen
22:00 afloop
Entree is gratis maar vergeet je niet aan te melden.

 

African Peace Party

Peace is more than only talking, we need to connect on different levels. For that reason we organize an African Party with food, drinks, music and of course our best dance moves!

The African Party will take place in the evening of the third day of the Conference, on the 26th of November. The Hague Peace Projects will host the second Great Lakes Conference on the 24th, 25th and 26th of November with the main theme ‘the role of media in conflict and peacebuilding’. The first day will focus on the general function of media, the second day on experiences with media in conflict or peacebuilding and the third day will connect diaspora and media.

We invite all participants and friends to join this evening at the African Party where there will be free drinks and African music. The musician Fabrice will be performing for us on his guitar and after dinner there will be a DJ.

The Party takes places from 7 PM at Paviljoensgracht 20, The Hague. We hope to see you there!

Discussion about ‘Diaspora, Dialogue and Peace’ on Afrikadag

On Saturday 5th of November The Hague Peace Projects participated in the ‘Afrika Day’ which took place at the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) in Amsterdam. Our Great Lakes Region Project held the workshop titled ‘Diaspora, dialogue and peace’. Around 40 people joined the session.

The workshop began with a short introduction on some of the issues faced by each country in the Region.

The Democratic Republic of Congo was represented by Marie-Louise Balagizi and Bejamin Kalumire. Marie-Louise talked about the importance of prioritising security which would as a consequence facilitate people’s engagement. The unsafe situation is limiting people’s possibility to change the status quo, this fosters passivity which keeps the regime in power. People need to understand that they have the power to stop it. Therefore, the mind-set needs to be changed but in order to facilitate such process the security levels have to be raised. A step in this direction is by keeping the discussion open on where the weapons are coming from. Benjamin continued on the issue of security giving his view on a non-confrontational strategy which aims at fostering dialogue between the people and the military.


img-20161105-wa0012-2Deogratias Irambona discussed the current security issue in relation to his country Burundi. He stressed the importance to stop foreign countries from supporting undemocratic regimes. As an example he mentioned that The Netherlands has been financing the security forces of Burundi for many years and that these same forces are currently involved in murders and human rights violations. In this way the Netherland is also responsible.


Rwanda was represented by Sophie Kwizera. She underlined the importance of dialogue not only about the past but also the future. She pointed out the fact that the diaspora should be more active and express their option about the issues affecting their country. She also highlighted the importance of the youth as essential element for change.

Moses Atocon from Uganda continued with a personal perspective to his country, Uganda. He talked about the harsh time he experienced growing up under Idi Amin’s regime and how such events fuelled his desire for change. This change has to be achieved through a peaceful people-led movement. This is the aim of the Kampala based NGO Activists4change, with which he is involved.

img-20161105-wa0013-2The lively discussion which followed touched upon many different issues and controversies triggered by the speakers, proving the complexity and multitude of perspectives that exist around the Great Lakes region conflict. Many causes for conflict were mentioned: weapons trade, bad leadership, Western involvement, the mining industry and the many social divisions among Africans. This should not lead to strengthen the tendency to victimization, but to an understanding that home-grown solutions are possible and that Africa needs the West as well as the West needs Africa. All-in-all it was a very fruitful exchange of views and a clear indication that more meetings and dialogue across group-boundaries are essential to make steps forward towards possible solutions. 

 

Bangladesh blocks Istishon blog, continues suppressing freedom of speech

A popular Bangla community blog named Istishon was blocked by the BTRC (Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission) for users in Bangladesh; this is yet another attack on freedom of speech in the country. Founder and Editor Nur Nobi Dulal said on Monday that many users could not access Istishon since Sunday night and he urged the government to withdraw the “ban” immediately, according to the Dhaka Tribune. Banning and blocking individual and community blogs have become regular phenomena in Bangladesh since 2013. Several atheist bloggers from Somewhere in… blog and other blogs were banned by a government’s order in 2013, four of the bloggers were later arrested under the infamous act 57 of the ICT law for hurting religious sentiment. As a result, the Bangla blog community went in to black out, with no avail. Around the same time, an Islamist blog named Sonarbangla Blog was also banned. Such bans were part of a bigger picture of harsh censorship over public media – that also saw the bans of newspapers and TV channels, as the country was facing a near civil war crisis.

Under this restriction, the Bangla community blogging culture is in decline ever since. Istishon is a rare case in this regard; the community blog platform was launched in early 2013 and since then only increased in popularity. According to Parvez Alam, who regularly writes on Istishon, the blog has millions of followers. On Facebook he writes: “It’s a blog platform read by millions. My own blog alone has more than a hundred of blog posts and almost half a million views. Now the blog is not accessible anymore for Bangladeshi viewers, being another victim of severe censorship at the hand of Bangladeshi Government.” Some consider Istishon as a secular and left leaning blogging platform, but it actually is a blogging platform where bloggers with diverse world views speak their minds, some of them are also Islamists. Bangladeshi bloggers, writers and activists of all kinds of alignment are protesting against the blocking of the website. Asad Ali, a popular Islamist writer wrote: I am writing in Istishon blog for the last couple of years… A platform that generally has all sorts of bloggers, some theists, some atheists, some belong to Awami League, others to BNP or Jamaat. So there will always be some blog posts that criticize religion or the Government…I condemn such an imprudent decision by the government and ask the Government to unblock the site.

Acute Censorship has become part and parcel of the difficult reality Bangladeshi society is facing in recent years. The 73-year-old atheist writer Shamsuzzoha Manik languishes in prison since February 15 2016, for publishing a book that allegedly hurts religious sentiments. He was arrested under act 57, which does not give him right to bail, and if found guilty, he faces 14 years of jail. Recently, a leftist student leader named Dilip Roy was also arrested under the infamous ICT act, for criticizing Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Facebook regarding her statement on the ongoing Rampal Power Station  project near Sundarban, the largest mangrove forest in the world – yet another example of the ICT law being used to silent critics of the Government. Currently, Dilip Roy is simply being held in the jail without any chance for bail.

Arresting vocal critics of the social, religious and political status quo of the country and holding them in jail for an indefinite period has become common in Bangladesh; all kind of critics are under such persecution. Iftekhar Jamil, a popular young Islamist writer was also arrested recently and since then was not granted bail. Police charged him for being a member of Islami Chatra Shibir, the student wing of Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh. Although the organization is not an illegal entity in Bangladesh, the police have been extra hard on its members in recent years and have arrested many just for being involved with the organization. In Jamil‘s case, he had no affiliation with the organization. Calling him a Shibir member was just an excuse to arrest him.

We condemn the blocking of Istishon and ask for its immediate unblocking. This situation does not only undermine the freedom of speech in Bangladesh, but will also make things worse by taking the country in a downward spiral. We want the release of Dilip Roy, Iftekhar Jamil and Shamsuzzoha Manik. We demand a revised ICT law and the abolition of the draconian act 57.

Read more: “Istishon blog blocked for Bangladesh users” in the Dhaka Tribune

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